Directional Terms

When learning anatomy it is important to know directional terms in order to help understand the position of a structure relative to another. Most directional terms can be grouped into pairs that have an opposite meaning Ie. anterior (front) and posterior (back).It is also a good idea to understand the planes of the body which […]

Muscle and Other Tissue

This post is a simplified description of the various types of connective tissue that make up our bodies and where some of the connective tissue types are found.  Connective tissue is also found in other parts of the body which are not mentioned here. This list has been condensed to focus on muscle anatomy and […]

Understanding Muscle Names

Naming of Muscles Learning the names of muscles can be very confusing or even overwhelming for someone learning this information for the first time. I would suggest you study the skeletal system and bone surface markings on the understanding bones page prior to skeletal muscles as learning the names of the bones and their parts […]

Understanding Bones

Understanding Bones An adult human skeleton consists of 206 named bones. Many of these bones are paired with one on either side of the body (left and right). Infants and children have more than 206 bones because some bones fuse later in life. An example of this would be the sternum which consists of the […]

The Skeletal System

Axial Skeleton Cranium (8) The cranium has 8 bones and rest on the top of the vertebral column. The skull bones are grouped into two categories; cranial bones and facial bones. There are eight cranial bones. Frontal bone Parietal bones (2) Temporal bones (2) Occipital bone Sphenoid bone Ethmoid bone There are fourteen facial bones; […]